Is Coal a Renewable Resource? Sheets of valuable wood like mahogany, ebony, oak, and walnut are also useful for furniture making. Clickable link to Author page. Hence, its quantity has to be reduced to the lowest possible limits by natural or artificial (drying) methods. Timber is widely used in work wood producing boxes, furniture, matches, and crates. Countries in Southern Europe like Spain, Turkey, and Yugoslavia, where the standard of living is lower than in other parts of Europe, the use of timber is proportionally higher. Soundness: A timber of good quality always produces a good sound. The USA derives almost 10% of its production from the semi-chemical process. (And Can They Choke on Raisins), Can Squirrels Eat Popcorn? Wood pellets and other remnants of the timber processing such as biomass are shipped and may be used as a convenient form of wood-based fuel to be used in stoves or heaters. Generally, timber contains two substances – cellulose and lignin which is used as the object of pulping and extracting cellulose from paper. For heavy construction works like columns, trusses, piles. Besides, timber is also utilized in producing a host of other equipment such as artificial limbs, air dispensers, terraces, decks, balconies, beehives, cladding, sculptures, carvings, saunas, scaffoldings, bathtubs, shingles and smoking produces. This list is by no means exhaustive, but one can see that timber plays an important role in modern society. Now in Japan, since there is a shortage of domestic coal and oil supplies, it leads to greater use in timber. Uses of Timber. With the growing population, the number of construction work in the world is increasing daily; hence the utilization of timber has also seen exponential growth. Strength: A quality timber is known to have the highest strength. The African and South American countries consume a more substantial portion of timber as fuel, the use of which is made for both commercial and domestic purposes. However, if the timber quality is good, then they usually do not swell. As the pores decrease, it may increase to more than 1.5. Apart from fuel, the most vital usage of timber is in the building industry. Much of the forest waste also finds its use in the production of resinous material forming a board. The rayon filaments can be used to produce ‘artificial silk’ that may be cut into staple lengths. Elasticity: Timbers generally attain its own shape after usage. Density: Good quality timber has a thicker wall and higher density. Thus improving the local economy. Durability: Good timber is known by its resistance power to fungal attack. 3. Before you use timber, you should know its properties. The more the strength, the more is the ability to bear loads. When the bending strength is more, it generally indicates good quality. The air seasoned timber contains 12-16 percent moisture whereas in the kiln seasoned timber it can be brought down to as low limits as 4-6 percent. The applications and uses of timber in the indoor environment are limited only by imagination. Moisture Content: Timber is naturally hygroscopic. Different processes by which wood gets converted to paper can be mechanical, chemical, and semi-chemical. Renewable resource allows for the direct employment of hundreds of thousands of people in the Australian building industry (directly and indirectly). For light construction works like doors, windows, flooring and roofing. Lumber or timber, a wood which is capable of yielding the minimum size of a dimension, is generally produced from growing woods. © 2020 . Older timber with annular rings is a good indication of quality. While most species of the timber are hardwoods, there are also some softwood timber species such as red pine and white pine. All Rights Reserved . North America uses a lesser portion of timber as fuel while Canada uses only 5 % timber for fuel purpose. The use of other products such as fibreboards and particle boards are also common for constructional purposes. 2. Eccologically safe and sound to handle and dispose. About one-sixth of the fuel supply comes from timber production there. Construction. Plywood has so many uses. These applications have been superseded by the development of resin and synthetic chemical dyes. Timber may be one of the oldest and low-tech building materials out there, but architects all over the world still rely on timber as their preferred building material. Around 40 percent of timber used in forests around the world is utilized as fuel. Apart from fuel, the most vital usage of timber is in the building industry. However, the proportion of timber used as a fuel around the world differs with the usage of other alternatives available such as coal. Natural variations add aesthetic interest. If you observe carefully, freshly cut walnut, teak, and deodar have dark brown, golden yellow and whitish color shades respectively. Both of these are usable in construction works. View Interior application products. paints and varnishes Timber is also used in making various sports goods and musical instruments, as building blocks for ships, buses, and trains, for decorative purposes in homes and offices in the form of showcases and furniture. Industrial timber is nothing but timber product manufactured scientifically in factories.Properties and applications of industrial timber is discussed. Wood cellulose that forms the basis of synthetic textiles is known as rayon. Pieces of wood over the lumber dimensions, regardless of length are timber, although any timber pieces that are more than eight inches wide and eight inches thick are called beams. The specific gravity depends heavily on the pores present. The more the water content, the more it is susceptible to fungal attacks. 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